The Historical Evolution of the Concept of Information and Its Scientization

The original meaning of the concept of information includes two aspects: the ontological meaning that "the action of giving a form to something material" and the epistemological meaning that "the act of communicating knowledge to another person ". Since the root of the concept of information is same with philosophical concept form, we can understand history of western philosophy in terms of information. However, the ontological meaning of information was lost in Epistemological Turn and the epistemological meaning was also replaced by the statistical meaning in the process of scientizing the concept of information. Nevertheless, we should revive the original meanings of the concept of information and revise them according to the current context if we want to establish a satisfying theory of information affording our needs.