The target recognition plan is an important basis for the identification of anti-missile combat objectives in the ballistic missile defense system. The identification of the merits of the plan design directly relates to the play of combat ability and determines the success of anti-missile opera-tions. Considering the complexity of the assessment plan and the uncertainty of the assessment re-sults ,the assessment plan is divided into pre-assessment and post-assessment, and an index system is constructed for each part respectively. Then, the paper proposes a method based on analytic hierarchy process （AHP） and cloud theory and brings out an identification plan comprehensive assessment process. At last, the paper evaluates the identification plan with the proposed method. The results show that the method can evaluate the identification plan reasonably and improve the accuracy and sci- entificity of the assessment results.